Baseballs Steroid Era - News, Lists, Timelines, Quotes, Statistics

Baseball's Steroid Era

Extensive steroids in baseball news archive and resources including lists (players, drugs, suspensions), quotes, timelines, statistics, articles, affidavits, transcripts, books, video and more.

Showing posts with label Mitchell Report. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mitchell Report. Show all posts

Tuesday, June 30, 2009

2003 Steroid List Another Hoax? Rotoinfo Publishes "Unconfirmed" List

Rotoinfo, a fantasy sports information site has published a list of players who supposedly tested positive for performance enhancing drugs in Major League Baseball’s 2003 anonymous survey testing (see below). The site describes the list as "rumored" and "unconfirmed" but maintains the source of the list as “trusted.”

Deadspin (among others) was quick to discredit the list. It notes that Jason Grimsley’s name is absent even though Grimsley, in a 2006 search warrant affidavit, admitted that he was told by Gene Orza in 2004 that he had tested positive.

But there are more players who are noticeably absent from the list.

David Segui also has said he was told by Orza that he was on the list. The Mitchell Report refers to an unnamed player who was told by Orza that he had tested positive in 2003. Independently, Kirk Radomski told Mitchell that the same player had told him (Radomski) the same story shortly after the conversation between the player and Orza occurred in 2004. When Kirk Radomski published his book, Bases Loaded, he confirmed that the unnamed player in the Mitchell Report was Segui.

I knew that Senator Mitchell was quoting David Segui (about the 2003 positive test) because David had told me exactly the same thing.

Also in Bases Loaded, Roadomski says that Larry Bigbie tested positive as well.

Both Jason Gimsley and Larry Bigbie also said that they'd been told that they had failed the obviously not-so-anonymous tests in 2003.

Leaks have been such a part of the story of the Steroid Era that we’ll reprint the list here. But take this with a enormous grain of salt. If you’ll remember, on the eve of the release of the Mitchell Report, a list of players said to be in the report caused quite a stir. That list proved to be bogus.

When asked by Deadspin why the list only contained 103 names instead of the widely reported 104, the "RotoInfo Team" stated that their original list contained Jeromy Burnitz’s name twice.

Deapspin also points out that Rotoinfo’s sources have proved unreliable in the past. On May 12, 2009 the site published the following on Twitter.

According to sources close MLB Lance Berkmans name has been floating around the commissioners office as a possible 50 game suspension looms

This of course has never come to fruition, although it’s not out of the realm of possibility that it is going through an appeal process behind closed doors.

As is being pointed out on forums all across the internet, the number of "star" players on the list seems very disproportionate. There are very few mediocre players or minor leaguers on 40-man rosters, making the list even harder to believe.

1.Nomar Garciaparra
2.Manny Ramirez
3.Johnny Damon
4.Trot Nixon
5.David Ortiz
6.Shea Hillenbrand
7.Derek Lowe
8.Pedro Martinez
9.Brian Roberts
10.Jay Gibbons
11.Melvin Mora
12.Jerry Hairston
13.Jason Giambi
14.Alfonso Soriano
15.Raul Mondesi
16. Aaron Boone
17.Andy Pettitte
18.Jose Contreras
19.Roger Clemens
20.Carlos Delgado
21.Vernon Wells
22.Frank Catalanotto
23.Kenny Rogers
24.Magglio Ordonez
25.Sandy Alomar
26.Bartolo Colon
27.Brent Abernathy
28.Jose Lima
29.Milton Bradley
30.Casey Blake
31.Danys Baez
32.Craig Monroe
33.Dmitri Young
34.Alex Sanchez
35.Eric Chavez
36.Miguel Tejada
37.Eric Byrnes
38.Jose Guillen
39.Keith Foulke
40.Ricardo Rincon
41.Bret Boone
42.Mike Cameron
43.Randy Winn
44.Ryan Franklin
45.Freddy Garcia
46.Rafael Soriano
47.Scott Spiezio
48.Troy Glaus
49.Francisco Rodriguez
50.Ben Weber
51.Alex Rodriguez
52.Juan Gonzalez
53.Rafael Palmeiro
54.Carl Everett
55.Javy Lopez
56.Gary Sheffield
57.Mike Hampton
58.Ivan Rodriguez
59.Derrek Lee
60.Bobby Abreu
61.Terry Adams
62.Fernando Tatis
63.Livan Hernandez
64.Hector Almonte
65.Tony Armas
66.Dan Smith
67.Roberto Alomar
68.Cliff Floyd
69.Roger Cedeno
70.Jeromy Burnitz
71.Moises Alou
72.Sammy Sosa
73.Corey Patterson
74.Carlos Zambrano
75.Mark Prior
76.Kerry Wood
77.Matt Clement
78.Antonio Alfonseca
79.Juan Cruz
80.Aramis Ramirez
81.Craig Wilson
82.Kris Benson
83.Richie Sexson
84.Geoff Jenkins
85.Valerio de los Santos
86.Benito Santiago
87.Rich Aurilia
88.Barry Bonds
89.Andres Galarraga
90.Jason Schmidt
91.Felix Rodriguez
92.Jason Christiansen
93.Matt Herges
94.Paul Lo Duca
95.Shawn Green
96.Oliver Perez
97.Adrian Beltre
98.Eric Gagne
99.Guillermo Mota
100.Luis Gonzalez
101.Todd Helton
102.Ryan Klesko
103.Gary Matthews


Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Miguel Tejada Charged With Lying to Congressional Investigators, Pleads Guilty

Miguel Tejada has been charged with lying to congressional investigators. According to the Washington Post, Tejada is charged with making false statements to congressional investigators about conversations he had with other players about performance enhancing drugs. Tejada will reportedly plead guilty.

The charge came in "a criminal information," a document that can be filed only with the defendant's consent and usually signals a plea deal is near. Tejada, who now plays for the Houston Astros, is scheduled to appear at 11 a.m. (Feb. 11) in U.S. District Court in Washington, court officials said.

The charge stems from an interview that took place in a Baltimore hotel room on August 26, 2005. During that interview, Tejada reportedly denied using any performance enhancing drugs. He also said he was not aware of any other players using steroids.

In the interview with congressional staffers in 2005, Tejada was asked: "Has there been discussions among other players about steroids?"

"No, I never heard," Tejada said, speaking through a Spanish interpreter.

Later, the investigator asked whether he knew of "any other player using steroids."

"No," Tejada answered. "I didn't know any player."

In the Mitchell Report, Adam Piatt said that he talked with Tejada about performance enhancing drugs and purchased human growth hormone and testosterone for Tejada (presumably from Kirk Radomski) in 2003. While the filing didn’t name Piatt specifically, he’s known to have spoken to federal investigators as well as George Mitchell.

That player, who was not named in court papers, is identifiable as Adam Piatt. They played together on the Oakland Athletics in 2003, and prosecutors allege that Tejada purchased human growth hormone from him that year. They do not accuse Tejada of using the substance or lying about his use of it, however.

Miguel Tejada’s Links to Performance Enhancing Drugs

  • In his book, Juiced (published in Feb. 2005), Jose Canseco said he educated Tejada about steroids.
  • Tejada appeared before congress along with Jose Canseco, Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro and others in 2005.
  • When Palmeiro tested positive for Stanozolol in 2005, he suggested it may have been caused a tainted vitamin B12 shot he had received from Tejada.
  • In a search warrant for Jason Grimsley’s Arizona home (executed in May 2006), Jeff Novitzky says Grimsley described a conversation he had with Tejada and Palmeiro about amphetamines.
  • Piatt told Mitchell and Federal investigators that he had conversations about steroids with Tejada. Piatt also said he purchased HGH and testosterone for Tejada, providing the government with copies of checks from Tejada. The information was released as part of the Mitchell Report.
UPDATE (Feb. 11, 2009): Tejada appeared in court pleaded guilty to making "misrepresentations to congress. " He admitted having conversations about steroids with a teammate (Piatt) and also purchasing human growth hormone, though he still denies ever using any performance enhancing drugs.

"I just want to apologize," Tejada said as he fought back tears hours later at a Houston news conference, where he did not take questions. "I made a mistake, and now I know how serious of a mistake that I made for not answering a question about another teammate."

The charge is a misdemeanor and carries a maximum penalty of one year in jail. "Federal guidelines" call for a lesser penalty. The sentencing hearing is scheduled for March 26.


Thursday, February 05, 2009

Mike Bogdan is FBI Informant that Led to Kirk Radomski, Brian McNamee, Mitchell Report

The Smoking Gun has reported that the FBI informant that led IRS Special Agent, Jeff Novitzky, to Kirk Radomski is former landlord, Andrew Michael Bogdan.

Essentially all the new information in the Mitchell Report derived from Bogdan fingering Radomski. Of course from Radomski, came his numerous customers, including Brian McNamee which led to Roger Clemens and Andy Pettitte. A 2005 search warrant for Radomski’s home described an FBI informant, but failed to name Bogdan specifically.

According to the Smoking Gun, in 2001 Bogdan “pleaded guilty to conspiracy to make false statements and commit wire fraud” as part of a real estate scheme.

Mike Bogdan agreed to become an FBI informant in early-2001, immediately after being nabbed for his role in a massive property flipping scam that relied on inflated appraisals and phony documents to illegally obtain about $3 million in government-insured loans.

After Bogdan had befriended Baltimore Orioles player, Larry Bigbie in 2003, Bogdan reportedly offered up information about performance enhancing drug use in MLB to investigators who set up an interview with Novitzky. Bogdan had previously only been providing information about the real estate scheme.

That is when Bigbie made the mistake of telling Bogdan about his use of performance-enhancing drugs, which Bigbie said he obtained from a source in New York… In response, Bogdan went right to the FBI and prosecutor Barbara Sale with the information (along with heading the criminal division in the U.S. Attorney's Office in Baltimore, Sale is the office's Confidential Human Source Coordinator). In turn, Bogdan's FBI handlers contacted Novitzky with details of what their source had reported. Within days, Novitzky and fellow IRS Agent Erwin Rogers were in Baltimore for a February 18 meeting with Bogdan and his FBI handlers.

The New York Times report included a response from Bogdan.

Reached by telephone Wednesday, Bogdan said many aspects of the (The Smoking Gun’s) story were either incorrect or taken out of context. He would not say whether he helped federal agents in their investigation into the use of performance-enhancing drugs by baseball players but later said: “I know nothing about that, that’s the funny thing. I know nothing about the steroids stuff.”

In 2006, Bogdan was convicted of real estate fraud and sentenced to 5 years probation and ordered to pay $277 000 in restitution.


Monday, January 19, 2009

Roger Clemens Grand Jury Convenes, Kirk Radomski, Brian McNamee Testify

A Washington D.C. Grand Jury will decide if there is enough evidence to indict Roger Clemens for lying to Congress during the highly publicized hearing in February 2008 that also featured his former trainer, Brian McNamee. Evidence will be presented by assistant U.S. attorney Daniel P. Butler.

It is not known exactly who has been or will be subpoenaed but the list could include McNamee, Kirk Radomski, Andy Pettitte and Chuck Knobloch along with those who worked on the Mitchell Report. McNamee and Radomski have testified so far.

McNmaee’s attorney, Richard Emery wouldn’t comment on specifics of the hearing but seemed pleased with what transpired.

"I can't tell you anything of what was said, but [the prosecutors] were extremely impressive, well-prepared and professional. I have extreme confidence in their approach."

Radomski was the main source of information in the Mitchell Report and figures to feature prominently in any trial. In July 2008, Radomski provided government investigators with a receipt of a shipment of human growth hormone (HGH) sent to Clemens’ home in 2005.

"I can't comment on an ongoing investigation. I don't want to do anything to cross them up."

It’s unclear as to whether Clemens himself will testify.

It is not known whether Clemens himself will be invited to appear before the grand jury, though a former Washington federal prosecutor said the government could afford Clemens a chance to explain the contradictions and possibly avoid indictment. Should the grand jury eventually return an indictment, his appearance could also provide the prosecution a start in fleshing out Clemens' possible defense, the former prosecutor said.


Thursday, July 17, 2008

Kirk Radomski Finds Receipt of HGH Shipment Sent to Roger Clemens

Convicted steroid/human growth hormone dealer, Kirk Radomski, has provided government investigators with a receipt for a shipment sent to Roger Clemens’ Houston home in 2002 or 2003. Radomski said the package contained two kits of human growth hormone.

"The investigators knew from day one that I sent a package to Clemens' house. They knew before the Mitchell report was released and before Brian went before Congress. So this is nothing new to them.”

"I just couldn't find the receipt. And just by [accident] this weekend, I moved my TV and whatnot and I found the package, an envelope, and it had [Clemens'] receipt and about seven or eight other receipts."

Radomski said he immediately called steroid investigator Jeff Novitzky who was in New York at the time. The following day Novitzky and assistant U.S. Attorney from San Francisco, Matthew Parrella visited Radomski and picked up the evidence.

"They were happy that I found it, because they thought they would never find it," Radomski said. "I'd told them, 'I know that it was in my house.' I said, 'You guys sure you didn't take it [in the original raid]?' It just happened to turn up."

The timeline roughly corresponds to when Brian McNamee injected Clemens’ wife, Debbie, prior to the Clemens’ photo shoot for Sports Illustrated. Clemens stated before congress that he was unaware of his wife’s injection until after it had happened. The shipment, presumably signed for by a Clemens, contradicts said testimony.

"It was addressed to Clemens as a hold for Brian McNamee. Brian knows what he did with it. They signed for it, because all my packages you always had to sign for. Brian never signed for the package. The package got there before Brian got down there."

Radomski claims to have sent at least one other shipment to Clemens though he doesn’t have the receipt. He also said he was prepared to provide an affidavit in support of Clemens’ former trainer, McNamee, in the defamation suit filed by Clemens.

The evidence should aid McNamee’s defense in the defamation suit as well as the government’s investigation as to whether Clemens committed perjury.

Sunday, April 13, 2008

MLB, Players’ Association Agree to new Drug Policy

Major League Baseball and the Player’s Association have once again agreed to amend MLB’s Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program. Most of the changes are derived from recommendations put forth by Senator George Mitchell in the Mitchell Report.

The most glaring omission was the refusal to turn over testing to an independent outside agency. Instead the sides agreed that the “Independent Program Administrator” (a position created in November 2005) “will be given an initial three-year term and can be removed only if an arbitrator finds cause.” The IPA could be removed by either MLB of the union at any time previous to the new agreement.

Congressmen Henry Waxman and Tom Davis, leaders of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform which held multiple hearings on drug use in sport, issued a joint statement saying they were "pleased that MLB has taken steps to strengthen its drug-testing policy."

The changes didn’t go far enough for chairman of the committee that determines Worl Anti-Dpoing Agency's banned-substances list, Gary Wadler.

"It's another incremental step. It's better than it was but not where it needs to be," said Wadler, who faulted baseball for not adding blood testing for human growth hormone and for not turning over testing to the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency.

"This still falls significantly short of the mark, no matter what internal bureaucracy they've patched together."

Summary of changes to the agreement according to the Associated Press

  • The Health Policy Advisory Committee is disbanded and HPAC's responsibilities over performance enhancing drugs are given largely to the Independent Program Administrator, Dr. Bryan Smith, who can be renewed for successive four-year terms.

  • Decisions on ordering reasonable-cause testing will made jointly by management and the players' association, with the matter going to an arbitrator if they disagree. Supervision over drugs of abuse is transferred from HPAC to a new management-union entity called the Treatment Board.

  • An additional 600 tests will be conducted annually, raising the total to 3,600.

  • Up to 375 tests may be conducted over the next three offseasons, up from 60 per offseason currently administered.

  • Records of negative tests will be kept for two years, but there is no requirement that urine samples be kept for lengthy periods.

  • Testing will include the top 200 prospects in each year's amateur draft. Players who test positive remain eligible for selection. Players who refuse to test cannot be selected.

  • Players implicated in the Mitchell report will not be disciplined. Suspensions of Jose Guillen and Jay Gibbons (implicated in the investigation of internet pharmacies and anti-aging clinics) were also removed.

  • Players will join MLB efforts designed to educate youth and their parents regarding the dangers of performance-enhancing substances. The union will contribute $200,000 to an antidrug charitable, educational or research organization.

  • The IPA will issue an annual report summarizing the number of tests administered, the number of positive tests resulting in discipline, the substances involved in the positives, the number of Therapeutic Use Exemptions granted by category of ailment and the number of non-analytical positives.

  • An automatic stay for an initial suspension is expanded to players disciplined for conduct unrelated to a positive test.

  • The banned list is expanded to include insulin-like growth factor, gonadotropins, aromatase inhibitors, selective estrogen receptor modulators and antiestrogens, including clomid.

  • In future investigations, allegations of player misconduct will not be disclosed publicly by the commissioner's office unless discipline is imposed. A player will be provided a description of evidence and allegations against him before any investigatory interview.

  • MLB will impose certification standards for strength and conditioning coaches starting in 2009.

Monday, January 07, 2008

Roger Clemens Press Conference, Tape of Conversation with Brian McNamee

Roger Clemens held a press conference to address his 60 Minutes interview and in general the allegations from the Mitchell Report. It was the first time since the report that Clemens answered questions directly from the media.

In a dramatic twist, Clemens and his lawyers played an audio tape recording of a conversation between Clemens and former trainer and accuser Brian McNamee. The conversation took place this past Friday, January 4. McNamee asked Clemens repetedly “What Do You Want Me to Do?” in some variation thirteen times.

The video below is an excerpt of the call from ESPN. You can see the whole press conference (51 min.) including the complete 17 minute recorded conversation at (highly recommended).

Some highlights from the conversation.

The conversation was indeed emotional at times. After offering to "go to jail," McNamee nearly came to tears when telling Clemens that McNamee's wife and children were "gone."

McNamee: Tell me what you want me to do. I told you in the email, I’ll do whatever you want. What Do You Want Me to Do? I’ll go to jail. I’ll do whatever you want.

Clemens: I just need somebody to tell the truth, Mac.

McNamee: What do you want me to do right now?

Clemens: It’s ridiculous.

McNamee: What do you want me to do right now?

Clemens: --inaudible-- just being ridiculous.

McNamee: Who Me?

Clemens: No, no, I said everything.

McNamee: Right! Roger I’m in a one --BEEP-- thing with –inaudible-- from 1945.

Clemens: Just…

McNamee: Tell me what you want me to do. I’m firing my lawyers. I’m getting rid of everybody. I have nothing. What Do You Want Me to Do? My wife is gone. My kids are gone. What do you want me to do?

Clemens: I didn’t do this Mac. Let me just.. uh..

McNamee: Fine!

Clemens: I didn’t do it. And I… and… and… just… just… I need some… You know like I said I’m trying to get a direction and trying to comfort everybody.

McNamee said he told Clemens’ representatives about Kirk Radomski in 2004.

Clemens: I don’t know how many months ago it was I asked you. You know. I didn’t know who this cat was, in the New York Mets, this guy,

McNamee: “I did speak… I told your guys, man. I told Murray. I told him his name…
I told Murray.

Clemens: I asked you point blank, I said you know this cat is when we were working –BEEP-- you told me no.

McNamee: You know what, I would have told you yes. If you told me, if I remember that, if you told that I would have said yes.

Clemens: I asked you point blank. Randy and them all called me to ask.

McNamee: I told Jim Murray. I told Jim Murray. I told him. I told him. I sat down with him in Starbucks on the corner where you used to live, and I told him the guy’s name.

And I told him please don’t tell Roger yet, but be careful, but no. If you told.. Rog.. if you asked me that I would have told you that.

If you remember. If you remember I was trying to get with you to talk to you. I was reaching out to you. I told you I didn’t want Kenny around.

Clemens: (Raising his voice) Brother, you were a foot in front of me doing ab work.

McNamee: Alright, you know I gotta… uh, then I messed up, I should of… but you know what if I remembered that I would have told you. I would have told you…

Like I told Murray.

Clemens: Well I’ve gotta

McNamee: ---inaudible---. I told him to be careful.

Clemens: I don’t know anything, Jimmy’s never told me. You know…

McNamee: And he sat down writing on that stupid yellow pad. He took notes. And he said he spoke to Randy. And he said he’s covered and I said don’t tell Roger ‘cause I don’t want to mess up. I told him.

Clemens: Nobody said a word to me just like everything else.

McNamee: Well, I’m just, I’m telling you the truth. I met with Jimmy in ’04, and I told him, I said Jimmy I just want to give you guys a heads up because you guys better have some information that I rather you be prepared than not prepared and he took all these notes and he gave them to Randy.

McNamee said he was offered over a million dollars, “7 figures,” to appear on television, but turned it down. Newsday reported that McNamee had cancelled a television spot for 3:00 pm Monday, the same day as Clemens’ news conference.

“I got offered seven figures to go on TV. I didn’t do it. I didn’t take it. I didn’t do anything. All I did was what I thought was right.”

Saturday, December 29, 2007

Roger Clemens Issues Video Denying Accusations In Mitchell Report

After calls to defend himself following the release of the Mitchell Report, Roger Clemens posted a video denial on his website,, via YouTube. Clemens says he is “almost numb” to the allegations that he used steroids and other performance enhancing drugs, and announced he would be doing an interview for 60 Minutes.

"Let me be clear, the answer is no. I did not use steroids, or human growth hormone and I've never done so… I did not provide Brian McNamee with any drugs to inject in to my body. Brian McNamee did not inject steroids or Human Growth Hormones into my body either when I played in Toronto for the Blue Jays or the New York Yankees. This report is simply not true."

Friday, December 21, 2007

Jason Grimsley Affidavit Unsealed, No Clemens, Pettitte, Roberts, Gibbons

The Jason Grimsley affidavit was unsealed in an Arizona court December 20.

In October 2006 the Los Angeles Times listed what they believed to be 5 of the redacted names in Jeff Novitzky’s Search Warrant for Jason Grimsley’s Arizona home. The article claimed that Grimsley had stated that Roger Clemens and Andy Pettitte used “athletic performance-enhancing drugs” and that Miguel Tejada, Brian Roberts and Jay Gibbons all “took anabolic steroids.”

It turns out that nearly all of that was inaccurate. According to the Associated Press, instead Grimsley said Jose Canseco, Lenny Dykstra, Glenallen Hill and Geronimo Berroa were accused of using steroids. Grimsley also accused former New York Yankee teammate Chuck Knoblauch of using human growth hormone. It was David Segui and Allen Watson who were accused of using “athletic performance-enhancing drugs” and not Clemens and Pettitte.

The affidavit also reportedly mentions Rafael Palmeiro, Sammy Sosa, Miguel Tejada and Pete Incaviglia with references to using or talking about amphetamines.

Somewhat ironically, every player erroneously (or accurately) linked to the affidavit in the 2006 Times article was named in the Mitchell Report. 5 of the 7 players Grimsley actually implicated with regard to steroids or hGH were also included in the report. Only Berroa and Watson were excluded.

Roger Clemens’ new lawyer, Rusty Hardin, quickly issued a statement.

"When this grossly inaccurate story broke in October 2006, Roger said it was untrue and the Los Angeles Times chose not to believe him. As the record now clearly proves, Roger was telling the truth then, just as he continues to tell the truth today. Roger Clemens did not take steroids, and anybody who says he did had better start looking for a hell of a good lawyer."


The following video seems to contain at least one significant inaccuracy. ESPN reporter Pedro Gomez says Clemens’ former trainer, Brian McNamee “is also mentioned as somebody who had boatloads, and I quote ‘boatloads’ of players who he was supplying drugs to.” The affidavit actually says that the trainer (now known to be McNamee) referred Grimsley to a source (presumed to be Radomski) for performance-enhancing drugs and that “boatloads” of players used that same source (Radomski).

Sunday, December 16, 2007

The Mitchell Report Reaction: Clemens, Pettitte, Canseco, Rodriguez, Donnelly, Cabrera

The reaction to the Mitchell Report is pretty split. Some players have admitted to some or all of what’s in the report, others have completely denied the allegations. Alex Rodriguez even got roped into the discussion by Jose Canseco.

Roger Clemens

Clemens has yet to speak publicly, but through his lawyer, Rusty Hardin, Clemens has categorically denied that he has ever used any performance enhancing drugs.

"Roger Clemens vehemently denies allegations in the Mitchell report that he used performance-enhancing steroids, and is outraged that his name is included in the report based on the uncorroborated allegations of a troubled man threatened with federal criminal prosecution."

The troubled man, of course, is Clemens’ former trainer, Brian McNamee, who described Clemens’ use of steroids in detail for George Mitchell and his investigators. Even after McNamee was reported as being in the Jason Grimsley affidavit (along with Clemens and Andy Pettitte among others), Clemens defended McNamee.

From an October 2, 2006 article, the New York Daily News quoted Clemens as saying he would still train with McNamee.

"(McNamee is) very good at what he does. I'll train with him any time. He gets the most out of you… And he's not one of those guys that want to hang around with you or be around you. He wants to get your work done and get you where you need to be and be done with you."

Nevertheless, Hardin made some legitimate points about the validity of the investigation and the potential damage.

"(McNamee) has repeatedly denied these current claims, including in June of this year when he was first contacted by federal investigators… After a day of repeated denials to federal investigators, he changed his story under the threat of federal criminal prosecution. He says he was then forced by those federal prosecutorial authorities to tell the same story for inclusion in the Mitchell report."

“I am at a total loss to understand how it is proper for federal prosecutorial authorities to use the threat of criminal prosecution to help in a private business investigation… I respectfully suggest it is very unfair to include Roger’s name in this report. He is left with no meaningful way to combat what he strongly contends are totally false allegations. He has not been charged with anything, he will not be charged with anything and yet he is being tried in the court of public opinion with no recourse. That is totally wrong.”

Andy Pettitte

Pettitte confessed to using human growth hormone in 2002.

"In 2002 I was injured. I had heard that human growth hormone could promote faster healing for my elbow… This is it -- two days out of my life; two days out of my entire career, when I was injured and on the disabled list… I wasn't looking for an edge. I was looking to heal."

Jose Canseco and Alex Rodriguez

Canseco reportedly tried to attend George Mitchell’s press conference but was told it was "media only."

"It’s a slap on the hand. The report proved nothing. It just proved what we already knew… I saw the list of players, and there are definitely a lot of players missing… I don't know what they accomplished or what they are trying to prove."

When asked about Alex Rodriguez, Canseco said:

"All I can say is the Mitchell report is incomplete. I could not believe that his name was not in the report."

Canseco had previously told WEEI-Radio in Boston that Rodriguez would be featured in his next book, but would only say "Wait and see" when asked directly if Rodriguez used steroids. Many parts of Canseco’s first book, Juiced, focused on things like night life or women or other non-drug related dirt.

Rodriguez told "60 Minutes" that he has never even been tempted to use performance enhancing drugs.

Brenden Donnely

In the report, Donnely is said to have purchased anabolic steroids (Anavar and Deca-Durabolin) from Kirk Radomski in 2004. Donnelly denies ever using or purchasing either drug.

"In 2004, I was having multiple physical problems and was concerned about not getting back on the field for even close to the level I had experienced. I made a phone call to Radomski. We discussed Anavar… Upon learning that Anavar was classified as a steroid, I realized that was not an option. That was the end of it. Yes, I called him. But I did not purchase or receive anything from him. I never took Deca or Anavar."

Alex Cabrera

In September 2000, an Arizona Diamondbacks employee discovered a package containing anabolic steroids and diet pills that was addressed to Cabrera. Cabrera’s denied the allegations and suggested that he was a scapegoat.

"I couldn't have used the substances that are identified… I never had possession of the alleged box that supposedly contained the pharmaceutical drugs… It was easier to suggest that a recently acquired rookie whose contract had been sold to Japan was responsible for the phantom box, which I never saw."

Saturday, December 15, 2007

The Mitchell Report: Newly Implicated Players

Here’s a list of the 47 players implicated in the Mitchell Report who had not previously been linked to performance-enhancing drugs during the steroid era.

The page number refers to the page in the Mitchell Report that describes the evidence concerning each player. The number in parentheses is the page number in the PDF version available online.

Ricky Bones - Page 92-94 (140-142)

In 2000, the a clubhouse attendant with the Florida Marlins found a bag belonging to Bones that contained "over two dozen syringes, six vials of injectable medications - stanozolol and nandrolone decanoate, two anabolic steroids that are sold under the names Winstrol and Deca-Durabolin, respectively – and a page of handwritten instructions on how to administer the drugs." Bones was required to speak to the Mitchell Investigation as he was an employee of the New York Mets. During his interview, Bones acknowledged the incident stating that the drugs were prescribed for him by a doctor in his native Puerto Rico.

Alex Cabrera - Page 94 (142)

In September 2001, a clubhouse employee with the Arizona Diamondbacks found a package with "a bottle of anabolic steroids (Winstrol) and several hundred (diet) pills" that had been mailed to the Diamondbacks stadium and addressed to Cabrera. Arizona General Manager Joe Joe Garagiola, Jr. reported the incident to the Commissioner’s Office. By the time the DEA confirmed the bottle contained anabolic steroids, Cabrera's contract had been sold to a Japanese Team.

Larry Bigbie - Page 152 (200)

Bigbie was a customer of convicted Steroid Dealer, Kirk Radomski, and cooperated with the Mitchell Investigation after calling Radomski for performance enhancing drugs while the government monitored the call. Bigbe admitted using a wide array of performance-enhancing drugs including anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin, testosterone, and Sustanon), human growth hormone and anti-estrogen drugs.

Jack Cust - Page 159 (207)

Cust was implicated in the Mitchell Investigation by Larry Bigbie. Bigbie said that Cust asked him if he had ever done steroids to which Bigbie said he had. Cust said that he had as well. According to Bigbie, Cust also said that he had a source that could get anything he wanted. Cust declined the opportunity to respond.

Tim Laker - Page 159 (207)

Laker was a customer of convicted Steroid Dealer, Kirk Radomski. As a current club employee, Laker was required to cooperate with the Mitchell Investigation. Laker admitted to using anabolic steroids (testosterone) purchased from Radomski between 1995 and 1999.

Josias Manzanillo - Page 161 (209)

Manzanillo was linked to Kirk Radomski in the Mitchell Report. Radomski claims to have personally injected Manzanillo with Deca-Durabolin (provided by Manzanillo) but said he never sold any drugs to him. Radomski said he remembers it very clearly because it was the only time he ever actually saw a MLB player using steroids. Mananilla on the other hand said that he was approached several times by Radomski while he was an employ of the New York Mets and encouraged to use and buy steroids. Through his lawyer, Manzanillo said that he purchased one cycle of steroids but “chickened out or thought better of it” before ever using them.

Todd Hundley - Page 163 (211)

As part of the Mitchell Investigation, convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, said he sold anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin and testosterone) to Hundley early in 1996. Radomski said he told Hundley that if he used steroids he would hit 40 home runs. That year Hundley hit 41. His previous high was 16.

Mark Carreon - Page 163 (211)

Carreon reportedly knew Kirk Radomski from when both were employed by the New York Mets. Radomski told the Mitchell Investigation that he provided Carreon with anabolic steroids (Dianabol) at some point between 1994 and 1996 when Carreon was with the San Francisco Giants.

Hal Morris - Page 164 (212)

Morris was a customer of convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski. Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin and testosterone) Morris in 1999 when Morris was with the Cincinnati Reds.

Matt Franco - Page 165 (213)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told the Mitchell Investigation that he sold Franco anabolic steroids on one occasion in 2000. Franco denied ever knowing Radomski and stated that he had never used or purchased any performance enhancing drugs.

Rondell White - Page 165 (213)

White made at least 7 purchases of performance enhancing drugs from convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski beginning in 2000. According to the Mitchell Report, White bought anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin) and human growth hormone (hGH) and left a paper trail of 7 checks made out to Radomski and a Fed Ex

Chuck Knobloch - Page 175 (223)

According to the Mitchell Report, Knobloch made several purchases of human growth hormone (hGH) from convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, beginning in 2001. Radomski said Knobloch made payments through former strength and conditioning coach, Brian McNamee, or Jason Grimsley. McNamee, as part of his cooperation with the investigation, confirmed that he acquired hGH for knobloch and that he personally injected Knobloch “at least seven to nine times.”

Gregg Zaun - Page 179 (227)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that he sold Zaun anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin and Winstrol) and produced a check to corroborate payment. Also, former Montreal Expos bullpen catcher, Luis Perez, told the Commissioner’s office in 2003 (after he had been arrested for marijuana possession) that he supplied Zaun and 7 other players with steroids.

David Justice - Page 181 (229)

Justice reportedly made a single purchase of “two or three kits” of human growth hormone (hGH) from convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, in late 2000 or early 2001. Former strength coach, Brian McNamee, told Mitchell investigators that Justice admitted to McNamee that he had obtained hGH from Radomski. Justice had already been interviewed by Mitchell before they acquired the evidence from Radomski and McNamee. Justice reportedly denied ever using any performance-enhancing drugs and named “many” players that he suspected had used steroids. Justice emphasized he had no direct knowledge of use by those players.

F.P. Santangelo - Page 182 (230)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that believed Santangelo had been referred to him by David Segui. Radomski said he sold anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin and testosterone) and human growth hormone (hGH) to Santangelo. Also, Adam Piatt told Mitchell investigators that Santangelo had referred him to Radomski after Piatt had asked where he could get performance enhancing drugs.

Glenallen Hill - Page 183 (231)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold Hill human growth hormone in 2001 after sending Hill a “sample bottle” free of charge. Radomski also said that Hill referred Mo Vaughn to him in 2001. As a current team employee, Hill was required to talk to investigators. Hill said that he bought anabolic steroids (Sustanon) from Radomski but never used them. Both men admitted to at least 5 conversations about performance-enhancing drugs around 2000.

Mo Vaughn - Page 186 (234)

Vaughn reportedly bought human growth hormone (hGH) from Kirk Radomski leaving behind 3 checks made out to Radomski beginning in 2001. Radomski told investigators that he never sold Vaughn any anabolic steroids because Vaughn was “afraid of the big needles.”

Denny Neagle - Page 187 (235)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold Neagle anabolic steroids and human growth hormone “five or six” times between 2000 and 2004. Radomski produced 8 checks from or on behalf of Neagle as well as several telephone numbers and an address marked “Col. Rockies Clubhouse” in Radomski’s address book.

Ron Villone - Page 188 (236)

Villone was referred to Kirk Radomski by Denny Neagle according to Radomski. According to the Mitchell report, Radomski sold Villone human growth hormone on three occasions from 2004 to 2005. Villone also called Radomski in mid-June 2006 looking for more hGH. Radomski told investigators that he told Villone he didn’t have any to sell.

Chris Donnels - Page 190 (238)

Donnels reportedly met convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski while Donnels played with the New York Mets (and Radomski was clubhouse attendant) in 1991 and 1992. Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold Donnels anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin, Dianabol, and testosterone) and human growth hormone on at least 8 occasions from 2000 to 2004. Donnels cooperated with the investigation after being contacted saying he expected to hear from them. Donnels gave a very detailed account from his first conversations about steroids with Ken Caminiti as early as 1993 to his own use of drugs over the years.

Todd Williams - Page 194 (242)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold anabolic steroids (Winstrol) to Williams in 2001. There was no corroborating evidence mentioned.

Phil Hiatt - Page 194 (242)

According to the Mitchell Report, Kirk Radomski said that he sold Hiatt anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin) and human growth hormone on “two or three occasions” after they met in 2001. Radomski said he sent a package to the Los Angeles Dodgers stadium for Hiatt as well as to two other addresses.

Todd Pratt - Page 195 (243)

Pratt was reportedly one of Kirk Radomski’s customers. Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold Pratt anabolic steroids twice adding that Pratt told him he had aquired steroids (Deca-Durabolin) from another source previously.

Kevin Young - Page 195 (243)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold Young human growth hormone on two occasions, first after the 200 season and again in 2003. Several phone numbers for Young were found in Radomski’s address book.

Mike Lansing - Page 196 (244)

Lansing was referred to Kirk Radomski by David Segui according to Radomski. Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he had 4 to 5 transactions with Lansing wherein he purchased testosterone and human growth hormone. Radomski said Lansing was familiar testosterone and “knew exactly what he wanted.” Phone numbers, addresses and money orders were found linking Lansing to Radomski.

Cody McKay - Page 197 (245)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that he sold McKay steroids on at least two occasions. Investigators found McKays’s name, phone number and an address for the Indianapolis Indians (where McKay played in 2003) under his entry in Radomski’s address book.

Kent Mercker - Page 198 (246)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that he sold Mercker one kit of human growth hormone in October 2002. The report cited a check and an Express Mail receipt corroborating Radomski’s side of the story.

Adam Piatt - Page 199 (247)

Piatt, through his lawyer, contacted the Mitchell Investigation after Kirk Radomski’s guilty pleas was announced. Piatt, saying he was referred to Radomski by F.P. Santangelo, detailed years of using anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin or testosterone) and human growth hormone. Radomski produced 8 check made out to him from Piatt. Mitchell said Piatt should be “commended for his candor, for his willingness to admit that he made a mistake, and for accepting responsibility for his actions.”

Jason Christiansen - Page 205 (253)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that he sold Christiansen a single kit of human growth hormone in 2002. Radomski provided a check made out to him from Christiansen of $1600.

Mike Stanton - Page 205 (253)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that he sold Stanton human growth hormone on two occasions in 2003. Radomski produced one check and stated that Stanton paid in cash the other time.

Stephen Randolph - Page 206 (254)

Randolph was referred to Kirk Radomski by Chris Donnels according to Radomski. Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold Randolph human growth hormone at least one time in 2003 or 2004. Randolph’s name, address and phone number were found in Radomski’s address book.

Paul Lo Duca - Page 208 (256)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that he sold Lo Duca “performance enhancing drugs” on at least six occasions. Only human growth hormone was mentioned by in reference to checks and notes written by Lo Duca to Radomski. Investigators found Lo Duca’s name, address and telephone number in Radomski’s address book.

Adam Riggs - Page 211 (259)

Riggs was referred to Kirk Radomski by Paul Lo Duca according to Radomski. Radomski told Mitchell investigators that he sold Riggs anabolic steroids (Winstrol), human growth hormone and clenbuterol. Radomski produced five checks/money orders made out to Radomski from Riggs. Riggs name, phone number and address were found in Radomski’s address book.

Bart Miadich - Page 212 (260)

Kirk Radomski told Mitchell investigators that Miadich was referred to him by Adam Riggs. Radomski described Miadich as a frequent purchaser of small quantities of anabolic steroids (Winstrol and testosterone) from 2002 to 2005. Radomski also indicated that Miadich was getting human growth hormone from a different source. Former teammate and admitted steroid user, Chad Allen, told Mitchell investigators that Miadich’s body mass and definition, along with skin tightness and “roid rage” indicated to hm that he was using steroids.

Fernando Vina - Page 213 (261)

Vina reportedly knew Kirk Radomski from when Vina was a minor league player in the New York Mets system. Radomski told the Mitchell Investigation that he provided Vina with anabolic steroids(Deca-Durabolin and Winstrol) and human growth hormone to Vina from 6 to 8 times between 2000 and 2005. Radomski produced three checks from Vina and Vina’s name, address, and phone number were found in Radomski’s address book.

Kevin Brown - Page 214 (262)

Brown was referred to Kirk Radomski by Paul Lo Duca according to Radomski. Radomski told Mitchell investigators that Brown was very knowledgable about hGH before Radomski sold Brown anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin) and human growth hormone 5 or 6 times after 2001. Investigators seized an Express Mail receipt from 2004 addressed to Brown with his address. Brown’s name, address, and phone number were found in Radomski’s address book.

Eric Gagne - Page 217 (265)

Gagne was referred to Kirk Radomski by Paul Lo Duca according to Radomski. Radomski said he sold Gagne human growth hormone on two occasions. Radomski said he and Gagne only spoke once (regarding how to get air out of a syringe) while Gagne was with Lo Duca. After that, according to Radomski, Lo Duca placed orders on Gagne’s behalf. Payment was made by through Lo duca once and directly from Gagne the other time. Both times shipments were sent directly to Gagne, once to Dodger Stadium and the other to Gagne’s home. The report cited an Express Mail receipt corroborating a 2004 delivery. Gagne’s name, address, and phone number were found in Radomski’s address book.

Mike Bell - Page 219 (267)

Bell was a customer of convicted Steroid Dealer, Kirk Radomski. As a current club employee, Bell was required to cooperate with the Mitchell Investigation. Bell admitted to using human growth hormone purchased from Radomski during the 2003 off-season. Bell said he had never used any other performance enhancing drugs (including hGH) on any other occasion. Bell’s name, address, and phone number were found in Radomski’s address book.

Matt Herges - Page 221 (269)

Herges was referred to Kirk Radomski by Paul Lo Duca according to Radomski though he says they never met in person. Radomski said he sold Herges human growth hormone 2 or 3 times in 2004 and 2005. Ivestigators found an Express Mail receipt and another undated shipping receipt both addressed to Herges were found by federal agents.

Gary Bennett, Jr. - Page 222 (270)

Bennett, Jr. was referred to Kirk Radomski by Denny Neagle according to Radomski. Radomski said he sold Bennett, Jr. two kits of human growth hormone on one occasion. Bennett, Jr.’s name, address, and phone number were found in Radomski’s address book.

Jim Parque - Page 223 (271)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that he sold Parque human growth hormone on two occasions in 2003. Radomski said that Parque sent him some Winstrol in 2003 for Radomski to “check out.” Radomski deemed the drugs “no good” and threw them out. Radomski produced two checks from Parque. Parque‘s name, address, and phone number were found in Radomski’s address book.

Brendan Donnelly - Page 224 (272)

Donnelly was referred to Kirk Radomski by Adam Riggs according to Radomski. Radomski said Donnelly contacted him looking for the anabolic steroid Anavar, instead Radomski reportedly sent the pitcher Deca-Durabolin (also an anabolic steroid).

Chad Allen - Page 225 (273)

Allen was referred to Kirk Radomski by Chris Donnels according to Radomski. Radomski said he sold anabolic steroids (Deca-Durabolin, Winstrol and testosterone) to Allen on at least 3 occasions. Radomski noted that Allen couldn’t afford human growth hormone. Allen spoke to Mitchell investigators and admitted to purchasing and using steroids (Winstrol) only once, after the 2003 season. Radomski produced one check from Allen. Radomski said the check was for ten vials of steroids while Allen said it was payment from an anti-estrogen drug used in conjunction with steroids. Radomski acknowledged that he sent Femara to Allen.

Jeff Williams - Page 227 (275)

Convicted steroid dealer, Kirk Radomski, told Mitchell investigators that he sold Williams anabolic steroids (Anavar and Dianabol) but didn’t say how many times or in what quantities. Radomski produced one check from Williams dated December 10, 2004. Williams’ name, address, and phone number were found in Radomski’s address book.

Howie Clark - Page 228 (276)

Clark was referred to Kirk Radomski by Larry Bigbie according to Radomski. According to the Mitchell report, Radomski sold Clark human growth hormone on four or five occasions. Radomski produced two money orders from Clark from April/May 2005

Nook Logan - Page 229 (277)

Logan was referred to Kirk Radomski by Rondell White according to Radomski. According to the Mitchell report, Radomski sold Logan one kit of human growth hormone just before federal agents raided his home. Radomski still had Logan’s phone number in his cell phone while he was interviewed by Mitchell investigators and provided that number.

Dan Naulty - Page 232 (280)

As part of the Mitchell investigator’s efforts to interview former players, they contacted Naulty. Naulty admitted using anabolic steroids “on and off” for seven years and human growth hormone for one in both the minor and major leagues beginning in 1993.

Thursday, December 13, 2007

The Mitchell Report Released: Summary

The much-hyped Mitchell Report (view PDF) on performance enhancing drugs in baseball was released today. The very thorough report (given the circumstances) seemed to naturally cover four distinct areas.

(1) The history of drug use in baseball (including past media reports),
(2) An assessment of blame for the era
(3) Evidence about specific players’ use of drugs
(4) An Assessment of MLB’s Drug Policy and Recommendations as to how Major League Baseball ought to move forward with its Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program.

The history of drug use in baseball

In section IV, “Early Indications of Steroid Use in Baseball (1988 to August 1998),” Mitchell outlined how performance enhancing drug use slowly seeped into the game and into the public eye. He begins with rumors within the game and in the media about Jose Canseco and Lenny Dykstra between 1988 and 1993. He moves onto to a discussion about the 1996 season wherin Ken Caminiti won the MVP amid one of the most inflated offensive seasons in history. Mitchell does well painting the picture of media coverage at the time. Players, Executives and reporters alike starting to grumble of steroid use. Then of course in 1998 the Andro coverage after a bottle was found in Mark McGwire’s locker.

An assessment of blame for the era

As expected, Mitchell spread the blame across all levels of Major League Baseball.

“The use of steroids in Major League Baseball was widespread. The response by baseball was slow to develop and was initially ineffective. For many years, citing concerns for the privacy rights of the players, the Players Association opposed mandatory random drug testing of its members for steroids and other substances.”

"Obviously, the players who illegally used performance enhancing substances are responsible for their actions. But they did not act in a vacuum. Everyone involved in baseball over the past two decades – Commissioners, club officials, the Players Association, and players – shares to some extent in the responsibility for the steroids era. There was a collective failure to recognize the problem as it emerged and to deal with it early on. As a result, an environment developed in which illegal use became widespread."

Evidence about specific players’ use of drugs

This section spanned about 140 pages and was very detailed. Mitchell chose not to mention names in several circumstances when the evidence was lacking. In instances where Mitchell did cite a players name, substantial detailed evidence was listed and almost always corroborated by confessions or some type of paper trail.

This section contained many players not prevously linked to performance enhancing drugs. Some of the more prominent players include Eric Gagne, Paul Lo Duca, Chuck Knobloch, Mo Vaughn, David Justice and Kevin Brown. See the entire list here.

This section also includes about 8 pages (page 167 to 175 of the report) describing Roger Clemens' drug use. According to the report, Clemens has indirect ties to convicted steroid dealer Kirk Radomski through Clemens’ former trainer, Brian McNamee. After coming up as a “customer and possible sub-distributor” in the investigation of Radomski, McNamee agreed to cooperate with the U.S. Attorney’s Office. As part of that cooperation, McNamee agreed to 3 interviews with Mitchell and/or his investigators.

According to McNamee, in June 1998 Clemens approached him for the first time about using steroids. McNamee said Clemens wasn’t able to inject himself and asked for his help. McNamee injected Clemens with Winstrol (Stanozolol, an anabolic steroid) that Clemens had provided, “from time to time” over the remainder of the 1998 season.

In 2000, after McNamee had developed a relationship with Radomski, Clemens informed McNamee that he wanted to use steroids again. Over that season McNamee said he injected Clemens with Deca-Durabolin (an anabolic steroid) and human growth hormone each about 4 to 6 times. Again in 2001 McNamee injected Clemens multiple times with Deca-Durabolin. After 2001 the two never even discussed performance enhancing drugs again.

An Assessment of MLB’s Drug Policy and Recommendations as to how Major League Baseball ought to move forward

Mitchell provided a long list of recommendations to make MLB’s testing and prevention stronger. Details about each section and quotes from the report were listed in this ESPN article.

Recommendations on non-testing based allegation investigations
1. The Commissioner should establish a Department of Investigations
2. The Commissioner's office should more effectively cooperate with law enforcement agencies
3. The Commissioner's office should actively use the clubs' powers, as employers, to investigate violations
4. All clubs should have clear, written and well-publicized policies for reporting information relating to possible performance enhancing substance violations
5. Logging packages sent to players at Major League ballparks

Recommendations that do not require collective bargaining
1. Background investigations of prospective clubhouse personnel
2. Random drug testing of clubhouse personnel
3. A hot line for reporting anonymous tips
4. Top draft prospects should be tested prior to the Major League Draft

Recommendations on education
1. The design and implementation of the educational program should be centralized with the Independent Program Administrator
2. Spring training programs should include testimonials and other speakers and presentations
3. Explain the health risks in context and provide education on alternative methods to achieve the same results
4. Players need to understand the non-health effects of buying performance enhancing substances from street dealers and "Internet pharmacies"
5. Prominently display posters about performance enhancing substance use prevention

Recommendations on the drug program
1. The program should be independent
2. The program should be transparent
3. There should be adequate year-round, unannounced drug testing
4. The program should be flexible enough to employ best practices as they develop
5. The program should continue to respect the legitimate rights of players
6. The program should have adequate funding

The Mitchell Report Released: Final Player List

The Mitchell report has been released. You can view the PDF report at

As expected, the report is a lengthy 409 pages.

The following table lists all the players, 88 in total, linked to performance enhancing drugs in the Mitchell Report. The page numbers represent the page number in the actual Mitchell Report, while the numbers in parentheses indicate the page number in the PDF version linked to above.

The mention of Sammy Sosa seems very out of place. Mitchell didn't cite any evidence against Sosa, but included his name as an example of a players sent a letter asking specific questions about drug use. The other players mentioned in the same breath as Sosa had significant evidence detailed in the report (see note below).

Summary and Recommendations (3)
Ryan JorgensonPage SR-14 (22)
Mark McGwirePage SR-14 (22), 16 (64), 22 (70),
Ken CaminitiPage SR-14 (22), 51 (99)
IV. Early Indications of Steroid Use in Baseball (1988 to August 1998) (1)
Wally JoynerPage 73 (121)
V. Androstenedione and Baseball’s Broadening Awareness of the Use of Performance Enhancing Substances (1)
Derrick TurnbowPage 83 (131)
VI. Incidents Providing Evidence to Baseball Officials of Players’ Possession or Use of Performance Enhancing Substances (6)
Manny AlexanderPage 91 (139)
Sammy Sosa*Page 85 (133)
Ricky BonesPage 92 (140)
Alex CabreraPage 94 (142)
Rafael PalmeiroPage 103 (151)
Paxton CrawfordPage 111 (159)
VII. Major League Baseball and the BALCO Investigation (8)
Marvin BenardPage 127 (175)
Barry BondsPage 128 (176)
Bobby EstalellaPage 130 (178)
Jason Giambi Page 131 (179)
Jeremy Giambi Page 133 (175)
Benito SantiagoPage 134 (176)
Gary Sheffield Page 135 (177)
Randy Velarde Page 137 (179)
B. Information Regarding Purchases or Use of Performance Enhancing Substances by Players in Major League Baseball (54)
Lenny DykstraPage 149 (197)
David SeguiPage 150 (198)
Larry BigbiePage 152 (200)
Brian RobertsPage 158 (206)
Jack CustPage 159 (207)
Tim LakerPage 159 (207)
Josias ManzanilloPage 161 (209)
Todd HundleyPage 163 (211)
Mark CarreonPage 163 (211)
Hal MorrisPage 164 (212)
Matt FrancoPage 165 (213)
Rondell WhitePage 165 (213)
Roger ClemensPage 166 (214)
Andy PettittePage 175 (223)
Chuck KnoblochPage 175 (223)
Jason GrimsleyPage 177 (225), 249 (297)
Gregg ZaunPage 179 (227)
David JusticePage 181 (229)
F.P. SantangeloPage 182 (230)
Glenallen HillPage 183 (231)
Mo VaughnPage 186 (234)
Denny NeaglePage 187 (235)
Ron VillonePage 188 (236)
Ryan FranklinPage 190 (238)
Chris Donnels Page 190 (238)
Todd WilliamsPage 194 (242)
Phil HiattPage 194 (242)
Todd PrattPage 195 (243)
Kevin YoungPage 195 (243)
Mike LansingPage 196 (244)
Cody McKay Page 197 (245)
Kent MerckerPage 198 (246)
Adam Piatt Page 199 (247)
Miguel TejadaPage 201 (249)
Jason ChristiansenPage 205 (253)
Mike StantonPage 205 (253)
Stephen Randolph Page 206 (254)
Jerry Hairston, Jr.Page 207 (255)
Paul Lo DucaPage 208 (256)
Adam RiggsPage 211 (259)
Bart MiadichPage 212 (260)
Fernando VinaPage 213 (261)
Kevin BrownPage 214 (262)
Eric GagnePage 217 (265)
Mike BellPage 219 (267)
Matt HergesPage 221 (269)
Gary Bennett, Jr.Page 222 (270)
Jim ParquePage 223 (271)
Brendan DonnellyPage 224 (272)
Chad AllenPage 225 (273)
Jeff WilliamsPage 227 (275)
Howie ClarkPage 228 (276)
Nook LoganPage 229 (277)
Dan NaultyPage 232 (280)
IX. The Threat Posed By Internet Sales of Steroids and Human Growth Hormone (15)
Rick AnkielPage 243 (291)
David Bell Page 244 (292)
Paul ByrdPage 245 (293)
Jose CansecoPage 246 (294)
Jay GibbonsPage 247 (295)
Troy GlausPage 248 (296)
Jose GuillenPage 249 (297)
Jerry Hairston, Jr.Page 251 (299)
Darren HolmesPage 251 (299)
Gary Matthews, Jr.Page 252 (300)
John RockerPage 254 (302)
Scott SchoenweisPage 254 (302)
Ismael ValdezPage 255 (303)
Matt WilliamsPage 255 (302)
Steve WoodardPage 257 (304)

*Sammy Sosa is mentioned only in passing in section 6 (VI). While discussing Mark McGwire's lack of cooperation, Mitchell chose to note that he sent similar letters to McGwire, Sosa, Bonds, Sheffield and Palmeiro with specific questions about whether or not the player had used performance enhancing drugs without a prescription.

The Mitchell Investigation Leaks: List of 75 Players Circling the Internet a Hoax

A list of names is now circling the internet (see below).

Deadspin posted this list. Of course, they can’t verify whether or not it’s completely accurate.

In the last hour, we have been forwarded a list of players mentioned in the Mitchell Report by about 25 different people. Is this list substantiated? No. Is it from an MLB official? No. Do we have any reason to believe it's anything but random bunk? No. But it's what's making the rounds today, and we're less than three hours away, and if the list is wrong, we'll know real soon.

David Pinto has the same list at Baseball Musings, and WNBC has posted the same list with this caveat:

After posted this list, a spokesman for Major League Baseball told that there were several discrepancies between the list posted and Mitchell’s list.

As Pinto says in his post, please “take this list with a huge grain of salt.” It lists Juan Gonzalez twice and misspells Rafael Betancourt. But since leaks have been such a part of the whole steroid scandal, it seems fitting to list them here. It will be interesting to see how it compares to the actual list in Mitchell’s report due at 2:00 pm today.

Most have these players have come up in media reports, but there are defintiely some surprises. Some of the players that hadn’t yet been directly implicated include Albert Pujols, Jason Varitek, Eric Gagne, Nomar Garciapara, Mark Prior, Kerry Wood, Sammy Sosa and Mo Vaughn.

UPDATE: There are huge discrepancies between this and the actual list from the report. The names following in red ARE NOT in the actual report.

Brady Anderson
Manny Alexander
Rick Ankiel
Jeff Bagwell
Barry Bonds
Aaron Boone
Rafael Bettancourt
Bret Boone
Milton Bradley
David Bell
Dante Bichette
Albert Belle
Paul Byrd
Wil Cordero
Ken Caminiti
Mike Cameron
Ramon Castro
Jose Canseco
Ozzie Canseco
Roger Clemens
Paxton Crawford
Wilson Delgado
Lenny Dykstra
Johnny Damon
Carl Everett
Kyle Farnsworth
Ryan Franklin
Troy Glaus
Rich Garces
Jason Grimsley
Troy Glaus
Juan Gonzalez
Eric Gagne
Nomar Garciaparra
Jason Giambi
Jeremy Giambi
Jose Guillen
Jay Gibbons
Juan Gonzalez
Clay Hensley
Jerry Hairston
Felix Heredia, Jr.
Darren Holmes
Wally Joyner
Darryl Kile
Matt Lawton
Raul Mondesi
Mark McGwire
Guillermo Mota
Robert Machado
Damian Moss
Abraham Nunez
Trot Nixon
Jose Offerman
Andy Pettitte
Mark Prior
Neifi Perez
Rafael Palmiero
Albert Pujols
Brian Roberts
Juan Rincon
John Rocker
Pudge Rodriguez
Sammy Sosa
Scott Schoenweiis
David Segui
Alex Sanchez
Gary Sheffield
Miguel Tejada
Julian Tavarez
Fernando Tatis
Mo Vaughn
Jason Varitek
Ismael Valdes
Matt Williams
Kerry Wood

The Mitchell Investigation Leaks: Roger Clemens, Shared Blame, Recommendations

A press conference is set for 2:00 pm eastern time today. George Mitchell will release the findings of his investigation in a report that is expected to be around 400 pages.

The commissioner, Bud Selig, and other Major League Baseball officials have had the last 48 hours or so to review the document before it is released to the public.

Here’s a brief synopsis of what has been leaked so far.

ESPN reporters, T.J. Quinn and Mark Fainaru-Wada, reported yesterday that Mitchell would conclude that everyone in baseball “from top to bottom” shared the blame for baseball’s rampant drug use. This reportedly includes both MLB officials and the Players Association.

In a bit of a dramatic twist, Quinn and Fainaru-Wada reported that the Players Association was not provided with the same opportunity to read the report before it is released to the public because they did not cooperate with his investigation.

Sources said yesterday that MLBPA officials were angered that Mitchell chose not to share the report with them, but that Mitchell felt he had no obligation to the union after they fought his efforts to interview players and obtain some medical records.

In the same report, Quinn and Fainaru-Wada said their source indicated that as many as 80 players would be in the report including several "very, very high-level names."

A source told the Bergen Record that there would be “several” prominent Yankees in the report stating, "It's going to be a rough day in the Bronx."

Sources told ESPN that Roger Clemens would be mentioned prominently in the report. Clemens was previously named by Jason Grimsley in a search warrant as a user of “athletic performance enhancing drugs.” Grimsley also said that Clemens’ former trainer, Brian McNamee, put Grimsley in touch with a source that provided Grimsley with an array of performance enhancing drugs including anabolic steroids. It’s widely believed that source was Kirk Radomski, the former New York Mets’ clubhouse attendant, who was later arrested for distributing drugs, and agreed to cooperate with Mitchell and his investigators as part of his plea deal.

According to ESPN sources, McNamee told investigators that he supplied both Clemens and Andy Pettitte with steroids, and that he knew of a separate occasion that Clemens had steroids from another source.

Brian McNamee, who worked for the Yankees and as a personal trainer for Clemens and Yankee teammates Andy Pettitte, also told investigators that on at least one occasion, Clemens was in possession of steroids from another supplier, the source said.

The source said McNamee told investigators he supplied Clemens with steroids while Clemens was with the Yankees, and prior to Clemens joining the team.

Again according to ESPN, Mitchell made the following are recommendations on how to move forward.

Improve to "state-of-the-art" testing, including additional year-round tests with fewer opportunities for players to escape detection.

Allow the testing administrator to actively investigate "non-analytical positives," meaning information that can show a player violated the doping policy in the absence of a positive urine test. Jay Gibbons and Jose Guillen, for example, were recently suspended after MLB received information from law enforcement sources documenting that the players had received banned drugs. Neither failed a drug test.

Improve player education about performance-enhancing drugs.

Allow greater transparency in the program, such as naming the drugs that players test positive for. Some players try to dodge responsibility for positive tests by saying they unwittingly took a tainted diet supplement. Certain drugs could not possibly have come from supplements, but because baseball doesn't name the substances it discovers, the press and public can't determine whether the player is telling the truth.

Sunday, September 16, 2007

Hearst Denied Kirk Radomski Affidavit Names

The San Francisco Chronicle and Albany Times Union, both owned by Hearst Corp., were denied in their request to have the names from former New York Mets clubhouse attendant Kirk Radomski’s affidavit made public. The affidavit from December 2005 contained of a sworn statement by IRS Special Agent Jeff Novitzky (lead investigator in the BALCO case) and was used to obtain a search warrant for the home of Radomski. The newspapers argued that because the names were provided to George Mitchell and his team, private citizens privately hired by Major League Baseball to investigate performance-enhancing drug use, they should be made available to all.

U.S. District Judge Thomas C. Platt ruled that the public (aside from Mitchell of course) has no right to the information, and that "requiring public disclosure would have a negative effect on the government's effort to investigate criminal conduct."

"Public access to the names of baseball players with whom Mr. Radomski is associated ... has no role in the oversight or functioning of the judicial and law-enforcement processes."

"There is no tradition of public access to the names of unindicted third parties and to specific personal identifying information where disclosure of this information is sought by the public… Additionally, there is no traditional right of public access to search-warrant materials nor is there a traditional right for the public to attend search-warrant proceedings."

In his ESPN Insider Blog (paid registration required), Buster Olney succinctly summed up what seems to be the double standard in the case.

A judge rules that the media cannot have access to information that federal prosecutors had already made available to the private investigator named George Mitchell. And if you can follow the logic in that, well, send it along. I know Major League Baseball already gets an anti-trust exemption, but I must've missed the reason why it gets the same treatment afforded the CIA or FBI.

Maybe Al Floyd, the proprietor of Floyd's General Store in my hometown of Randolph Center, Vermont, can get a copy of the list of steroid customers if he opens an investigation into whether somebody who works part-time in his store may have gotten performance-enhancing drugs from the former Mets' batboy. Because on the face of it, that seems to be the standard.

San Francisco Chronicle Executive Vice President and Editor, Phil Bronstein, weighed in on the court’s ruling.

"We believe this information is already in the public domain and ought to be available to everyone… We respectfully disagree with today's court decision and plan to make our case to the Second Circuit."

Saturday, July 28, 2007

Associated Press Denied Jason Grimsley Affidavit Names

A Phoenix court has ruled that the Associated Press and subsequently the public are not entitled to the redacted names from an affidavit concerning Jason Grimsley from 2005. U.S. Magistrate Edward Voss essentially ruled that the potential damage to the grand jury investigation - recently renewed for an additional 6 months - outweighed any First Amendment rights to release the names.

"Disclosure at this time may compromise the ongoing investigation in several ways."

As part of the government’s case, Voss was provided with a sealed affidavit outlining the current status of the government’s investigation. The details from the ongoing investigation, submitted by chief prosecutor, Jeff Nedrow, appeared to convince the judge that the government had a legitimate reason for keeping the names private. Associated Press lawyers were not allowed to view that document.

"Cooperation could be affected… investigation of named individuals could be compromised, leads developed from undisclosed information could be cut off and evidence could be destroyed."

"The indictments thus far relate to the 'supply' side of the problem… What remains for possible prosecution is the alleged illegal possession and use of these substances. In this area, no indictments have been issued and the investigation continues."

Voss made a point of saying that once the government’s investigation is completed a judge might rule differently.

"As the government acknowledges in Mr. Nedrow's affidavit, the continuation of the investigation makes the government's interest paramount 'at this point… When the investigation concludes, the weight of the government's argument against disclosure will change dramatically."

The judge also dispelled the Associated Press’s assertion that the names were provided to George Mitchell and his investigators, and thus should be available to everyone.

"The court concludes that the redacted material has not been provided to others.”

Associated Press Lawyer, Dave Tomlin, said their position was not affected by the judge’s decision. He also said that they haven’t decided whether or not to appeal the decision though it seems likely.

"We're disappointed and not at all persuaded that disclosing the names at this late date could hurt any investigation that might still be under way."

Friday, June 22, 2007

Jason Giambi Agrees To Cooperate with Mitchell Investigation, Issues Statement

Jason Giambi has agreed to cooperate with George Mitchell’s investigation into steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs in baseball. This comes as no surprise to those following the story. The New York Daily News has been reporting almost daily about the progress between lawyers from the Players Union and Major League Baseball regarding the potential meeting.

Giambi issued a statement confirming his cooperation and apologizing for any implication that others were responsible for his actions. In the statement, Giambi definitively and publicly admits his “personal history regarding steroids,” but says he will not discuss “any other individual” with Mitchell investigators.

It’s not known when Giambi will sit down with Mitchell or his investigators, but Commissioner, Bud Selig, said the meeting would occur “promptly.”

Jason Giambi's Statement in full:

Today, I have agreed to Commissioner Selig's request that I meet with Sen. George Mitchell. In a direct conversation the commissioner impressed upon me the idea that the game of baseball would be best served by such a meeting. I will continue to do what I think is right and be candid about my past history regarding steroids. I have never blamed anyone nor intended to deflect blame for my conduct. I alone am responsible for my actions and I apologize to the commissioner, the owners and the players for any suggestion that they were responsible for my behavior.

I've come to this decision for a number of reasons. I did not want to put my family through a lengthy legal challenge in support of my position. In addition, the uncertainty of my playing status could detract from the efforts of our team to win the American League East. My focus at this time needs to be on rehabbing my injury, getting back on the field and contributing to the goals of my team. To be embroiled in a legal battle could undermine all of this and I would never put my family, my teammates or the Yankees in that position.

Accordingly, I have agreed to this meeting. As I have always done, I will address my own personal history regarding steroids. I will not discuss in any fashion any other individual. My hope is that this meeting will serve as a positive step, as all parties involved seek the best approach in dealing with the issue of "drugs in sport." That has always been the intent behind all of the comments I have made on the subject and it remains so to this day.

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